Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach
Description: The Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach (originally known as the Naskapis de Schefferville Indian Band and later as the Naskapi Band of Quebec) is a First Nation with a population of approximately 850 registered Indians, who are beneficiaries of the Northeastern Québec Agreement (“NEQA”). The majority reside in Kawawachikamach, Québec, located approximately 16 km northeast of Schefferville. The village covers an area of approximately 40 acres and is situated on 16 square miles of Category IA-N land.
The majority of Kawawachikamach residents are Naskapi and Naskapi is their principal language. It is spoken by all of them and written by many. English is their second language, although many younger residents also speak some French. The Naskapis still preserve many aspects of their traditional way of life and culture. Like many northern communities, the Naskapis rely on subsistence hunting, fishing, and trapping for a large part of their food supply and for many raw materials.
Land Claim Agreement Titles: Northeastern Quebec Agreement (NEQA) – Jan 31, 1978
Signatories to the Agreement: Naskapis, the Government of Québec, the Société d’énergie de la Baie-James, the Société de développement de la Baie-James, Hydro Québec, the Grand Council of the Cree of Quebec, the Northern Quebec Inuit Association, and the Government of Canada.
Key Dates: January 31, 1978 – NEQA Signed
Brief description of the region covered by claim: Kawawachikamach, Northeastern Quebec
Total Land Area: Category 1B-N Lands 186 sq kilometres
Category II-N Lands 1,600 sq miles
# of Beneficiaries: 850
First Nations within the Land Claims Areas: Naskapi
Aboriginal Languages Spoken: Naskapi